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托福作文综合写作经典模板

学习啦【英语作文】 淑贤时间:2017-11-22 09:33:27我要投稿

  托福综合写作考试主要包含3个部分:阅读、听力和写作3个部分。想要掌握托福综合写作就要必备一些写作模板。下面就是学习啦小编给大家整理的托福作文综合写作模板,希望对你有用!

托福作文综合写作

  托福作文综合写作模板

  The lecture apparently disproves what is argued in the reading material. According to the passage … However the professor asserts that a closer scrutiny of this argument would reveal how flimsy it is. He then presents several evidences to demonstrate his statement.

  没考虑到别的可能性OP

  To start with, the professor claims that the reading passage fails to take into account that…

  Therefore, the assertion of the author seems too absolute since other possibilities could not be eliminated by any current evidence.

  假设错误WA

  Furthermore, the passage assumes that…. The professor, however, suggests that this assumption may not be merited by the evidence. Say, ….. The contradiction is obvious here when … . On the basis of this point the lecture explicitly refutes the passage.

  部分正确,但忽视了事实NT

  Last but not the least, the passage may be right about …., but one critical fact is being left out of consideration. Pointed out by the professor, the author totally neglects the truth that… On account of above-mentioned grave mistakes, the author’s assertion turned out to be a preposterous idea.

  In conclusion, based on the arguments offered above, the professor clearly identifies the defects in the reading passage and forcefully shows that…

  文中至少有一个举例形式,如果实在用不到上面句型,可以用转述凑字数:In other words, that is to say, …

  Argue = contend

  其他有用句型: The reading assumes that…, a situation that seems to be at odds with … 与…是矛盾的

  托福综合写作常见误区

  误区一、字数超出会扣分

  很多同学在综合写作部分都会紧扣200词这一数字,认为超出这一数字会导致扣分。其实不然,在托福官方指南中,关于综合写作的字数要求描述如下:Suggested length is between 150 and 225 words. You will not be penalized if you write more, so long as what you write answers the question.根据以上文字描述,我们不难发现,字数并不是综合写作当中的扣分项,重要的是根据两段材料把问题阐释清楚。

  误区二、套用模板

  模板是中国考生在备考托福中不可避免接触到的一大内容,不可否认,模板在初学阶段可以让我们迅速地了解文章结构,引导我们学习如何去写一篇托福综合写作。但是,托福的综合写作只有区区两百个词左右,大家不妨回头看看自己的模板,一旦套用模板,真正需要你自己书写的内容就相当有限了。在规定的时间内,如果把大量的时间花在回忆模板、书写模板上,势必会导致文章质量的下降。这样的文章,与其说是综合写作,不如说是对两份材料的一个固定套路总结,是十分不可取的做法。

  误区三、听力材料听得不仔细

  很多参加托福的考试考生对于综合写作的听力部分都是抱着“差不多”的心态,只求听懂大意即可,这种行为是万万不可取的!综合写作的听力材料内容较之听力部分简单一些,但考试对这两部分听力的要求却截然不同。在听力部分,考生只需要对材料中有用的考点听出来,并能准确答题即可。综合写作的听力则与之完全不同,对听到内容要求更高、更细致,要能够根据听到的内容总结听力材料所要表述的逻辑,这对听力的要求必然提高,要求考生做到“精听、细听”,而非考生认为的“差不多就行”。

  掌握托福综合写作的方法

  第一,使用不同的词汇

  a.使用同义词,比如以下的一些写作高频词汇的同义词,你一定要掌握,出现的尤为频繁。

  important→essential, crucial, vital, significant,

  think→claim, believe, consider, deem, figureout

  nowadays→currently, at present, now, recently, in recent years, these days

  b.改变词性,这是一种稍微难一些的方法,要求你的语法基础非常好,你才能灵活自如的运用。

  n. → v.

  Eg:When we look at a comparisonbetween A and B…

  When we compare A and B…

  Adj. → n.

  There are a variety of solutionsto the problem.

  There are various solutions to the problem.

  c. 使用不同的承接词。承接词在文章当中的使用相当频繁,不仅是段落和段落的连接,还包括句子和句子的连接。背住一些常用的承接词比你的改写将会有极大的作用。

  because of → due to, owing to, because, as, since, for

  but → however, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas

  so → therefore, hence, thus, consequently

  d.形容词的逆向表达。在某些形容词上进行修改,会达到非比寻常的效果。

  Eg: not as easy as…→more difficult than…

  Not uncommon→common

  The cheapest → the least expensive

  第二,使用不同的句型

  a. 改变词序。这是非常简单的一种方法,完全不用动脑筋就可以进行改写。常常将句子中的状语(包括状语从句)换位置。

  Eg: For many years, people have believed ….

  →People believed… for many years.

  After this programhas been solved, work on … can continue.

  b. 主动语态和被动语态的互相替换

  Eg: Trained scientists performed this research.

  →This research was performed by trained scientists.

  c. 使用“there be” 句型,可以将一个简单句,马上变成一个加入定语从句或者分词的复杂句。

  Eg: Several computer programs can be used to solvethis problem.

  →There are several computer programs that can be used to solve this problem.

  或There are several computer programs used to solve this problem.

  d. 定语从句,分词和插入语的互相替换

  Eg: Study…, conductedby sociologists in 2004, shows that…

  →Study…, which was conducted by sociologists in 2004, shows that…

  Eg: This…, which is one of the most powerful … in the world, has…

  →This…, one of the most powerful… in the world, has…

  接下来,Cite,即引用。综合写作乃客观写作,只是一个旁观者的角度对这两篇文章的内容进行描述,因此,某观点是出自哪篇文章一定要说清楚。所以,下面的这些句型在综合写作中必不可缺。

  a.According to+noun.

  Eg: According to the passage/lecture/author/professor,…

  b.Subject+verbs of reporting +that clause

  Eg: The author tells/reports/suggests/explains/says/argues/states/indicates/claims/points out/thinks/believes that…

  或The speaker agrees/disagrees/rejects/disputes/challenges/takes a different view….

  c. As is indicated/displayed/illustratedin the passage/lecture,...

  最后,在托福综合写作当中,考生还应多使用连接,具体来讲就是承接词的使用,这也是托福综合写作当中十分重要的。

  将文章当中的重要信息连接起来,体现作者对于两篇文章的理解正确,说明作者的思路清楚。由于综合写作是对两篇文章的比较,所以下面表对比和递进的承接词使用的最频繁。

  a.Transitional words showing contrast: however, on the other hand, in contrast, on the contrary

  b.Transitional words showing addition: moreover, furthermore, in addition, besides, as well


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